By René Küss, Christian Chatelain (auth.)
There has been nice development in ureteral surgical procedure within the final 20 years. The major indication remains to be calculous obstruction yet reparative and cosmetic surgery of the ureter for congenital and purchased lesions are one of the best advances in glossy urology. the basic aim of this surgical procedure is to make sure unfastened move of the urine from the kidney to the bladder and so that you could guard or enhance kidney functionality that's regularly affected or threatened by means of any illness within the excretory pathway. the best is to re-establish a closed circuit movement from kidney to bladder by way of fix or substitution of the ureteral conduit on the way to keep away from so far as attainable the dis talents that outcome from diversion of the urine to the outside floor or to the gut. This aim can now be accomplished within the therapy of many of the illnesses of the ureter whilst the suitable kidney is satisfactorily fit to advantage conserva tion. The recommendations used usually are not inevitably new however the introduction of antibiotics has made it attainable to prevent or decrease the dangers of an infection, pyelonephritis, or pyonephrosis that so frequently advanced such surgical procedure in previous instances. growth within the research of renal functionality and of the excretory tract has introduced a greater figuring out of the physio-pathology of the urinary equipment and extra actual judgement of the result of reparative surgery.