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By Gerard O Regan

This energetic and interesting textual content strains the foremost advancements in computation – from 3000 B.C. to the current day – in an easy-to-follow and concise demeanour. subject matters and contours: perfect for self-study, supplying many pedagogical positive aspects resembling chapter-opening key issues, bankruptcy introductions and summaries, workouts, and a word list; offers specific info on significant figures in computing, resembling Boole, Babbage, Shannon, Turing, Zuse and Von Neumann; reports the heritage of software program engineering and of programming languages, together with syntax and semantics; discusses the growth of man-made intelligence, with extension to such key disciplines as philosophy, psychology, linguistics, neural networks and cybernetics; examines the influence on society of the creation of the private computing device, the realm vast net, and the improvement of cell phone expertise; follows the evolution of a couple of significant expertise businesses, together with IBM, Microsoft and Apple.

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232 7. nine. three solar Microsystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 7. 10 assessment Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 7. eleven precis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 thesaurus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243 List of Figures 1. 1 1. 2 1. three 1. four 1. five 1. 6 1. 7 1. eight 1. nine 2. 1 2. 2 2. three 2. four 2. five 2. 6 2. 7 2. eight 2. nine 2. 10 2. eleven 2. 12 2. thirteen 2. 14 2. 15 2. sixteen 2. 17 2. 18 2. 19 2. 20 2. 21 2. 22 2. 23 2. 24 The plimpton 322 pill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geometric illustration of (a + b)2 = (a2 + 2ab + b2 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . Egyptian numerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Egyptian illustration of a host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Egyptian illustration of a fragment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eratosthenes size of the circumference of the earth . . . . . . . . Plato and Aristotle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Julius Caesar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roman numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . George Boole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Binary AND operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Binary OR operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . no longer operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Half-adder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charles Babbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . distinction engine No. 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . girl Ada Lovelace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . David Hilbert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alan Turing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . almost certainly endless tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Enigma computing device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cardboard reproduction of bombe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NPL Pilot ACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Claude Shannon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Open circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Serial circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parallel circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Simplifying circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Simplified circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . info idea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cryptography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . John von Neumann, Los Alamos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fetch-execute cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6 eight eight eight thirteen sixteen 19 19 29 35 35 36 36 37 forty-one forty four forty six forty eight forty nine fifty one fifty two fifty three fifty six fifty seven fifty eight fifty eight 60 60 sixty one sixty two sixty three sixty seven xvii xviii record of Figures 2. 25 2. 26 2. 27 2. 28 three. 1 three. 2 four. 1 four. 2 four. three four. four four. five four. 6 four. 7 four. eight four. nine four. 10 four. eleven four. 12 four. thirteen five. 1 five. 2 five. three five. four 6. 1 6. 2 6. three 6. four 6. five 7. 1 7. 2 7. three 7. four 7. five 7. 6 7. 7 7. eight 7. nine 7. 10 ladies operating with ENIAC machine .

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